عرض مشاركة واحدة
قديم 06-14-2014, 03:35 PM   #6
أنكراف
عضو جديد
 
تاريخ التسجيل: May 2014
المشاركات: 13
معدل تقييم المستوى: 0
أنكراف is on a distinguished road
افتراضي

merciiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
عزيزى العضو \ الزائر لايمكنك مشاهده الروابط الا بعد الرداستخدامات الزمن :

1- يستخدم زمن الماضى التام للتعبير عن فعل حدث و انتهى قبل فعل (حدث) آخر فى الزمن الماضى
ماضى بسيط(الثانى) , ماضى تام( الأول)After, As soon as
أو:

ماضى تام( الأول)، ماضى بسيط(الثانى) ( Before, By the time , When )


· Ali had eaten breakfast ( before, by the time , when ) he went to school .
· Before, By the time , When ) Ali went to school, he had eaten breakfast.
· They came to the station ( after, as soon as , as ) the train had left.
· After, As soon as , As ) the train had left , they came to the station.


(didn't + Inf.)
ماضى تام till /until ماضى بسيط منفى
· He didn't sleep until he had finished his homework.
· We didn't go to the exam until we had studied.


النفى : ينفى الماضى التام بوضع not بعد الفعل المساعد had كما هو موضح .
You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
الاستفهام: يكون عن طريق وضع الفعل المساعد had فى أول الجملة قبل الفاعل

Had you studied English before you moved to New York?
.

The Past Perfect Tense in the Passive .

زمن الماضى التام فى المبنى للمجهول .
عند تحويل زمن الماضى التام للمبنى للمجهول نتبع القاعدة التالية :

Object المفعول +had + been + P.P
· Active : He had repaired many cars.
· Passive: Many cars had been repaired by him
Present Perfect Cont.
زمن المضارع التام المستمر
¨يتكون المضارع التام المستمر من :
Have been / has been + V+ing
عزيزى العضو \ الزائر لايمكنك مشاهده الروابط الا بعد الرد

since / ever since / for / all day / all week


¨
ويستخدم المضارع التام
since / ever since / for / all day / all week

¨يستخدم المضارع التام المستمر ليدل علي حدث بدأ في الماضي و مازال مستمرا حتى الآن

¨ويعبر عن

1- حدث مستمر حتي الوقت الحاضر :
¨I've been studying all day.
2- حدث بدأ في الماضي واستمر حتي الآن :
¨I've been running a lot recently.
¨I've been learning Spanish for the last few months.
¨It has been raining heavily for the past three days.
3- تفسير لموقف في الحاضر :
¨I've been running – that's why I'm so tired.
¨I'm sorry about this mess. I've been painting my room.
¨ وغالبا ما تكون في الجملة كلمات تدل علي الاستمرار:
since…….still
for……..now

for……….still
for………yet
since…….yet
all day




¨He has been working there ever since he passed his exams.
¨He has been working there for a long time / for 3 years.
¨It has been raining for three days now.
¨They started to do the homework at 6 o’clock and they are still doing it. (since)
They have been doing the homework since 6 o’clock.
¨She started to clean the house two hours ago and she hasn’t finished yet. (for … now)
She has been cleaning the house for two hours now.
¨We have been living here for 6 years and we don’t intend to move.
¨أحيانا يستخدم المضارع التام المستمر مع How long :
¨How long have you been smoking?
¨ولكن لاحظ استخدام How long ago بمعني Whenفي الماضي البسيط:
¨How long ago did you do the job? = When did you do the job?
¨يستخدم هذا الزمن غالبا مع الأفعال التي تستغرق وقتا طويلا إلي حد ما مثل :
مثل :
teach / learn / rain / cook / sleep / play / run / study / write / read / stay
¨It has been raining for the past three hours.
¨إذا ذكر عدد مرات حدوث الفعل يستخدم المضارع التام present perfect :
¨He has written three letters.
¨لاحظ أن هناك أفعال لا تستخدم في الأزمنة المستمرة حتى مع وجود كلمات تدل علي الاستمرار

¨I have known him for ten years now.
¨I have owned this washing machine for 5 years now.
¨He has been in the army for 5 years now.
[/SIZE][/FONT][/QUOTE]
أنكراف غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس